The design of hospital rooms can have an impact on the clinical outcomes of patients. Researchers have found that certain features of a room may be more beneficial than others. One study looked at the effects of the design of a hospital room on patient outcomes after high-risk surgical procedures.
Among the findings was that patients who had a single room, instead of sharing a bed with a friend or family member, had shorter recovery times. Other features in a hospital room may have a positive impact on a patient’s health, as well. This research was conducted by researchers from the University of Michigan.
In the study, the designers looked at nearly 4,000 patients who had at least one high-risk surgical procedure. They graded each room and used electronic health records to compare the features in each.
One of the smallest yet most important factors is the color of the floor. Floor colors are important because they can help prevent slips. Another feature that may be beneficial for patients is a bedside telephone. Usually, there is also a full bathroom in the room.
Another design factor that may be helpful to patients is a patient portal. Patients can access their personal records and order meals and entertainment. Some hospitals even have a playroom for younger children. Visiting family members may not be able to stay with the child, or they may be required to leave the room.
Other features of a hospital room include a TV, a phone, and a restroom. Many hospitals have beds that adjust for recline or sitting up. A whiteboard is usually located in the patient’s room, so that nurses can document the patient’s activities and goals.
For the most part, the hospital environment is considered a necessary complement to care. It can help alleviate the stress of a visit to the hospital, and it can provide a safe and relaxing environment for patients. But a recent study from the University of Michigan showed that a room’s design can actually affect a patient’s chances of survival after a high-risk surgical procedure.
Researchers have found that a patient’s death rate was 10% higher in a room without a window. However, another metric, such as a direct line of sight to the nursing station, was also associated with improved clinical outcomes. These findings may help the healthcare industry make better room designs for its patients.
Another feature that can be useful to hospitalized patients is a digital whiteboard. Hospitals have a whiteboard on each bed where nurses can list the patient’s goals and activities. And they can offer tips for self-care during and after a stay.
Other important features of a hospital room include a secure, electronic medical record. Nurses and physicians can review the data and use it to improve the care they provide. Finally, a hospital room’s features are also usually accompanied by a bedside table and chair. Lastly, a patient can usually enjoy 24-hour room service.